New!   Baekdu-daegan Trail Guidebook
"Hiking Korea’s Mountain Spine"
By Roger Shepherd and Andrew Douch,  with David A. Mason
is finally available for hikers and cultural-explorers!

Reviews, Interviews and Comments on the Guidebook
Primary SOURCES for these listings:

1.  The actual hiking of these ranges in South Korea by Roger
Shepherd and Andrew Douch

2.  
Namhan San-gyeong-do map published in 2009 published by
Wolgan SAN magazine, Seoul

3.  
1 Baekdu-daegan, 13 Jeongmaek book of maps published by
Saram-gwa-San magazine, Seoul

4.  
Shiljeon Baekdudaegan Jongju Sanhaeng, a book by Bang
Sang-hoon, published by Choson-ilbo-sa (the Seoul newspaper
company) in 1997

5.
Daehan-minguk 2005 Map of the Korean Peninsula, published
by Jungang Atlas, Seoul

6.
Doro-jido Choishinpan Jido-daesajeon, a book of 1:100,000
maps of South Korea, 2005 edition by Seongji Munhwasa
Publishers, Seoul.

7.
Yeongjin 5-man Jido, a book of 1:50,000 maps of South Korea,
2006 edition by Yeongjin Munhwasa Publishers, Seoul.

These sources each contain differing information, and contradict each
other in various ways, including the names, heights and exact locations
of some peaks.  I have done my best to combine and reconcile those
differences, to make it make sense, in many hours of  consideration of
multiple sources.

In particular, some peaks are named "-bong" [peak] on some maps and
"-san" [mountain] on others; there is also the suffix "-dae" [platform, with
a Buddhist meaning] used for a few peaks.  There doesn't seem to be any
consistent rule for which of those suffixes gets used (neither altitude nor
distance from other peaks seems to have much to do with it), and there
seems to be no consistent system for grouping peaks together as one
overall "-san";  these seems to be only matters of common usage.  When
in doubt, I have used "-san".

The mountain-ranges located in what is now North Korea pose particular
problems, as their names, precise locations and altitudes differ on the
various sources available -- we just don't yet have very exact and reliable
information.

The Republic of Korea's new Romanization system has been used
throughout, even for the North Korean mountains, in order to match with
contemporary South Korean maps and websites, and in the interest of
consistent accuracy.  I would welcome any corrections or suggestions
for improvement for these listings.
The 15 Currently-Most Sacred
Mountains on these 13 Branches:
(mostly in South Korea, due to our lack of info
about the North, especially modern conditions)
name
branch
#
location
highest peak
Myohyang-san
3
Pyeongan-namdo  
Province
1909m
Songak-san
5
Gaeseong City
488m
Surak-san
6
NE Seoul
638m
Dobong-san
Seonin-bong
6
North Seoul
740m
Ilwol-san
7
N. Gyeongsang
1219m
Juwang-san
7
N. Gyeongsang
721m
Danseok-san
7
N. Gyeongsang
827m
Gaji-san
7
S. Gyeongsang
1240m
Yeongchuk-san
7
S. Gyeongsang
1081m
Geumjeong-san
7
Busan City
802m
Ma-i-san
11
North Jeolla
618m
Gyeryong-san
11
W of Daejeon City
878m
Mudeung-san
12
E of Gwangju City
1187m
Baekun-san
12
S of Jiri-san
1218m
Jiri-san
Samshin-bong
13
Hadong County
1284m
Honam-jeongmaek
Range  #12
of the Baekdu-daegan Mountain-System of Korea
12a.  Geumnam-honam-jeongmaek Range begins
at Yeongchwi-san and then heads northwest to:
Jangan-san           1237m
Bonghwa-san          786m
Seongsu-san         1059m
Ma-i-san             618m

12b.  Geumnam-jeongmaek Range splits off
from Ma-i-san and heads north through:

Bugwi-san                    806m
Unjang-san                 1126m
Wangsa-bong              718m
Seonnyeo-bong           666m
Cheondeung-san         707m
Daedun-san           878m
Wolseong-bong           650m
Barang-san                  555m
Gitdae-bong                393m
Hambak-bong             404m
Gaetae-san                  360m       (a.k.a. Cheonho-bong)
Guksa-bong                 437m
Hyangjeok-san            574m
Gyeryong-san    878m      (turns west)
across 30 km of hills & ridges
to finish at Buyeo Town's Nakhwa-am


13.  Honam-jeongmaek Range splits off from
Ma-i-san and then loops down all thru
South Jeolla Province, passing through:
Naedong-san                                     887m
Eungbong-san                                    609m
Woltong-san                                       604m
Hoimu-san                                          830m
Gitdae-bong                                       644m
Naejang-san Janggun-bong (E)       606m
Naejang-san Janggun-bong (W)      763m
Naejang-san Yeonja-bong                 673m
Naejang-san Shinseon-bong   763m
Naejang-san Sangwang-bong          741m
Naejang-san Baekam-bong              741m
(note: this part so far is the mid-section of what more
conventional geography of Korea calls the Noryeong Range)
Daegak-san                                        528m
Janggun-bong                                     558m
Bulda-san                                            685m
Mudeung-san                               1187m
Yongdu-san                                         514m
Jonjae-san                                          704m
Jogye-san                                        884m
Bongdu-san                                        753m
Wolchul-bong                                     768m
Dosol-bong                                      1123m
finishing at Baekun-san              1218m    (south of Jiri-san)